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BY KASTERVO / ON January 10, 2024

Navigating Information Security

In the realm of information security, safeguarding organizational assets against potential threats is imperative. While the conventional wisdom advises executives to champion security policies and systems, it is equally pertinent to pose the critical question: “How much security is truly necessary?” The answer, inevitably, rests on the unique dynamics of the business and the nature of the information requiring protection. This discourse aims to delve into this essential consideration.


Before delving into the intricate nuances of security measures, establishing a baseline for essential practices for anyone utilizing an internet-connected device is crucial.

Foundational Practices:

  • Automatic and/or frequent Software Updates: The vulnerabilities inherent in the software we employ necessitate continuous patching to eliminate discovered vulnerabilities.
  • Antivirus Software: A foundational layer of defense, investing in a reputable antivirus solution is imperative for the protection of digital assets.

Levels of Security

For the purpose of clarity, we categorize security requirements into six distinct levels, facilitating a systematic understanding and implementation approach.

Level 0: Fundamental Protection

  • Automatic Updates: Regularly update software to patch vulnerabilities.
  • Antivirus Software: Invest in a reliable antivirus solution as a baseline defense.

Level 1: Data Integrity Assurance

  • Automatic Encrypted Backup: Implement automated, encrypted backup solutions to ensure data integrity.

Level 2: Enhanced Resilience

  • Multiple Backup Locations: Diversify backup locations for redundancy.
  • Strong Password Policies: Enforce robust password practices.
  • MFA on Critical Accounts: Implement Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) for crucial accounts.

Level 3: Comprehensive Security Framework

  • Documented Security Policies & Procedures: Establish clear security documentation.
  • Strict Access Control: Rigorously manage and monitor user access.
  • DR Planning: Develop detailed Disaster Recovery (DR) plans.
  • Central Logging: Consolidate logs for comprehensive monitoring.
  • Central MFA Solution: Implement a centralized MFA solution.
  • Vulnerability Management: Regularly assess and manage system vulnerabilities.

Level 4: Advanced Safeguards

  • Managed Security Service Providers (MSSP): Consider external experts for specialized security services.
  • Frequent Penetration Testing: Regularly conduct thorough penetration testing.

Level 5: In-House Fortification

  • Security Operations Center (SOC): Establish an internal SOC for continuous monitoring and response.

These levels serve as a guideline, each building upon the last to create a comprehensive security posture. Tailoring these practices to your business’s unique requirements is crucial for effective information security.

Key Considerations

The pivotal point lies in asking strategic questions to determine the requisite level of security:

  • Does my business heavily rely on vital documents for its operations?
  • How critical are these documents to the core of my business?
  • Can the information be reconstructed if lost?
  • Do I handle confidential information for clients, such as Personally Identifiable Information (PII), Trade Secrets, or Health Information?
  • Does my business operate in high-risk industries like IT, Finance, Health, or Law?
  • Is my organization subject to specific compliance requirements (e.g. GDRP, PCI-DSS, ISO, NIST, etc.)?
  • What is the significance of continuous security monitoring for my organization?
  • Is there a budgetary allowance for establishing a Security Operations Center (SOC) and hiring internal security professionals?

Desired Outcome

The ultimate goal of information security is to shield the business, its employees and customers. Implementing security practices requires a meticulous determination of what needs protection and its corresponding value. If the cost of security measures surpasses the value of the assets under protection, a reassessment of the security strategy may be warranted.


The topic of information security demands a nuanced approach. This article serves as a general guide on initiating organizational security practices. Recognizing the uniqueness of each business is paramount in crafting tailored security strategies.

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